Below is the text of Mr Major’s written Commons statement on the CSCE Summit from the 7th December 1994.
The Prime Minister (Mr. John Major) I represented the United Kingdom at the summit
meeting of the Conference on Security and Co-
The meeting adopted the Budapest summit declaration; and separate declarations on the 50th Anniversary of the termination of world war II, and on Baltic issues. It also adopted 10 decisions on different aspects of the CSCE's work.
These decisions embraced strengthening the CSCE; regional issues; further development
of the capabilities of the CSCE in conflict prevention and crisis management; code
of conduct on politico-
Copies of all of these documents will be placed in the Library of the House.
The CSCE is no longer just a conference. Its role has widened since the end of the
Cold War. Under the Budapest decision on "Strengthening the CSCE", its title will
change from 1 January 1995 to "The Organisation for Security and Co-
Among its other decisions, the summit:
At a separate ceremony in Budapest on 5 December, Ukraine acceded to the non-
In the margins of the conference, I had discussions with many of the CSCE heads of Government, including the Presidents of the Czech Republic, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine and the United States; the German Federal Chancellor; and the Prime Ministers of Hungary, Norway and Turkey.
The future development of the North Atlantic Alliance was one of the subjects mentioned in many speeches to the conference, and also during my bilateral meetings. It was a point of particular concern to the Russian delegation. I explained to President Yeltsin that our aim, which was widely supported by our partners in NATO and the European Union, was to extend to the east the prosperity and stability which members of the European Union and NATO now enjoy. That was why both organisations were developing their links with the countries of central and eastern Europe. NATO had commissioned a study of the principles of enlargement, but had taken no decisions yet on which countries might join the organisation or when. It was very important for NATO to build up its relationship with Russia, and we therefore hoped that the Russian Government would soon sign their agreement with NATO on the "Partnership for Peace" programme. It was common ground that there should be no new dividing line across Europe. The dominant political issue at the summit was the conflict in Bosnia. CSCE decisions are adopted by consensus, and because of differences of view between certain participants, a draft declaration on Bosnia was not adopted. However, the chairman of the conference spoke for many delegations in issuing, in his personal capacity, a call on all warring parties in Bosnia, and particularly in Bihac, to end the fighting, declare a ceasefire and allow free access of humanitarian assistance throughout Bosnia. My right hon. Friend, the Foreign Secretary, will be making a statement separately to the House on Bosnia, taking account of discussions during the Budapest summit.