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1979-1987 : Mr Major’s Written Parliamentary Answer on Overseas Pensions

Below is the text of Mr Major's written Parliamentary Answer on Overseas Pensions on 29th April 1987.


Mrs. Beckett Asked the Secretary of State for Social Services if he will give the most recent available estimate of (a) the number of retired people, by country of residence, living abroad in a country with which Britain has no reciprocal social security agreement, and who would otherwise be receiving a state retirement pension and (b) the cost of paying a state retirement pension to these people.

Mr. Major British retirement pensions are payable anywhere in the world. Cost-of-living increases are paid, however, only where there is a reciprocal agreement with the country concerned to provide for this.

The number of retirement pensioners who are living in a country with which the United Kingdom has no reciprocal social security agreement to provide for payment of the increase is as follows:


Number of Retirement Pensioners, in overseas Countries at 31 December 1985 (Latest Figures Available)

Country | Number

Albania | 5

Algeria | 1

Andorra | 88

Angola | 1

Anguilla | 49

Antigua | 119

Argentina | 133

Australia | 96,126

Bahamas | 106

Bahrain | 15

Bangladesh | 1,253

Barbados | 729

Belize | 10

Bolivia | 4

Botswana | 38

Brazil | 133

Brunei | 9

Bulgaria | 9

Burma | 7

Cameroon | 4

Canada | 54,388

Cayman Islands | 22

Chile | 38

China | 7

Colombia | 23

Cook Islands | 5

Costa Rica | 5

Czechoslovakia | 25

Djibouti | 3

Dominica, Commonwealth of | 233

Dominican Republic | 132

East Germany | 13

Ecuador | 9

Egypt | 34

El Salvador | 1

Ethiopia | 4

Falkland Islands and Dependencies | 6

Faroe Islands | 1

Fiji | 27

Gabon | 1

Gambia | 5

Ghana | 44

Grenada | 298

Guatemala | 3

Guyana | 124

Haiti | 1

Honduras | 2

Hong Kong | 331

Hungary | 138

India | 2,580

Indonesia | 13

Iraq | 3

Japan | 42

Jordan | 7

Kenya | 345

Kiribati (Gilbert Islands) | 2

Kuwait | 6

Lebanon | 26

Lesotho | 6

Liberia | 4

Libyan Arab Republic | 2

Madagascar | 2

Malawi | 38

Malaya | 45

Mexico | 56

Monaco | 160

Monserrat | 180

Morocco | 28

Monzambique | 1

Naura, Republic of | 2

Nepal | 14

Netherlands Antilles | 6

New Zealand | 23,167

Nigeria | 69

Norfolk Island | 11

Norway | 119

Oman | 8

Pakistan | 3,369

Panama | 7

Papua New Guinea | 17

Peru | 34

Philippines | 34

Poland | 2,459

Puerto Rico | 3

Qatar | 6

Romania | 19

Rwanda | 2

St Helena and Dependencies | 30

St Kitts-Nevis | 277

St Lucia | 350

St Vincent | 237

Sarawak | 2

Saudi Arabia | 23

Senegal | 8

Seychelles | 24

Sierra Leone | 33

Singapore | 60

Solomon Islands | 4

Somalia | 134

South Africa | 18,879

South Korea | 2

South West Africa or Namibia | 13

Sri Lanka | 94

Sudan | 9

Swaziland | 42

Sweden | 64

Syria | 1

Taiwan | 2

Tanzania | 39

Thailand | 31

Togo | 1

Tonga | 3

Trinidad and Tobago | 251

Tunisia | 8

Turks & Caicos Islands | 2

Uganda | 12

United Arab Emirates | 22

USSR | 741

Uruguay | 16

Vanuatu (New Hebrides) | 1

Venezuela | 26

Virgin Islands | 29

Western Samoa | 7

Yemen Arab Republic (North) | 719

Yemen, People's Democratic Republic of (South) | 87

Zaire | 5

Zambia | 86

Zimbabwe | 3,498


The annual cost of paying these retirement pensions was £168 million in November 1985. Payment at the full November 1985 rates would have cost an additional £166 million.